In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the status of the Congolese woman remains extremely precarious some progress having been made. The vulnerability of women and young women in the social, political, economic, legal and traditional spheres is apparent with the persistence of gender-based violence. In this context, the DRC Government, with the support of the international community, is determined to improve the role and the position of women in Congolese society. In this regard, the role of the Ministry of Gender, Family and Children is crucial, as it is responsible for the coordination and coherence of the activities developed in DRC concerning the Gender issue. The Ministry is also in charge of the follow-up and the implementation of the Government’s Gender policy. For the Ministry and the donors, it is imperative to check whether their structures and means are adapted to these challenges and to identify the potential needs related to institutional reform and capacity building. In view of this, AETS was consulted by the EUD to realise an institutional audit. This in-depth audit focused on the Ministry’s structures, the identification of its strengths and weaknesses, as well as solutions for improved productivity.