South-south cooperation has become a priority for many Latin American countries. Several countries in the continent (Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil) have reached development conditions which enable them to convert themselves from recipient to donors. Some Latin American countries have established or are creating their own Development Agencies and they have started cooperation programmes with other developing countries. In this framework, Brazil has launched several aid programmes with African countries, namely Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde. South-south cooperation represents both an important political approach in the context of the dialogue with these countries and an implementation mode capable of maximising results. This new cooperation approach is a consequence of the implementation of the Agenda for Change. Since 2013, the debate within the Commission itself has focused on the need to decide which type of cooperation should be developed with the so-called “graduate countries”, i.e. those that no longer receive bilateral cooperation. In addition the challenges imposed by the new Financial Regulation provoke uncertainty among the different actors. In this context this study aims to contribute to the clarification of these elements and endeavours to answer three main questions: • How much South-South Cooperation (SSC) as opposed to Triangular Cooperation (TRC) has been developed by the European Commission to date? • What can be the added value of support to SSC and TRC for the European Commission? • Under what modalities, in what sectors and with what countries could support to SSC and TRC be developed in the future? The objective is to carry out a comprehensive stocktaking exercise on existing south-south cooperation operations within the EU cooperation, being the results: a) identify all existing examples of south-south cooperation in projects financed by the EU in Latin America and Caribbean, including national, bi-regional, continental and thematic budget lines b) classify intervention in different categories of south-south cooperation. c) assess briefly the organisation of those projects, comparative results, mutual visibility and practical ways of implementation d) propose future avenues for south-south cooperation

Governance and Human Development

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