The emergence of new institutions and reform processes in Libya after the overthrow of Muammar Qaddafi is an extended political process; the interim period until 2013-2014 may be marked by a reluctance of transitional authorities to engage in major policy development or significant institutional transformation. In-depth reforms and institution building in Libya, including reform of the internal security and justice systems, will therefore be dependent on the readiness of the Libyan authorities to engage in this process. EU support to the security sector governance in Libya aims, in the medium term, at the stabilisation, recovery, modernisation, and functioning of selected institutions of the security sector, while taking every opportunity offered to support and promote deeper reform processes. The objective of this AETS assignment was to formulate a Security sector/Rule of law support programme in Libya for the Annual Action Programme 2012 according to the needs, priorities and capacities of the Libyan Authorities (with a specific focus on the Ministry of Interior and police, and Ministry of Justice and judiciary). AETS expert thus developed: - A conceptual intervention framework for the establishment of security governance in Libya: based on an analysis of the sector and on the programme cycle management (PCM) methodology - Sub-sectors for support/sequencing of activities where most progress can be made in the medium-term and formulating expected results. - An allocation repartition of € 10 million for the programme between the different internal security priorities and sub-sectors - Implementation modalities: based on analysis of needs/opportunities for support and on the review of stakeholder capacities for implementation and added value - Ownership and sustainability: the intervention has to be driven by strong ownership of Libyan authorities and stakeholders with the EU providing advice.

Governance and Human Development

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