Libya is experiencing a significant decline of the health system, both in terms of Primary Health Care (PHC) and hospital care, due to the weakness of public health programmes, the inefficiency and centralisation of the health system and almost nonexistent systems for data collection and analysis. The PHC network, already weak before the conflict, has collapsed in many areas. As a consequence of the heavy and violent fighting in Libya, the already weak health system is overburdened and health care and assistance is provided by international organisations. AETS consultants provided therefore the necessary information for the Libyan authorities and the EU to formulate a "Programme to Support the Health Sector in Libya". The objective was to prepare a health programme for the Annual Action Programme 2012 (indicative amount €10 million- 3 years duration) according to the priorities of the Libyan Ministry of Health and based on the 2010 Identification and Formulation report sponsored by the European Commission. AETS’s tasks were to update analysis of the health sector and the recommended areas of collaboration identified in the 2010 identification and formulation report taking into account actual needs, priorities as well as national health programmes, reforms and strategies under preparation by the Ministry of Health. AETS consultants have recommended an updated approach to support the health sector in Libya including drafting of the programming documents. Particular attention has been paid to the specific Libyan context, the limited absorption capacity and the fragile transition process and a realistic programme that could yield results within its lifetime have been proposed.