G
The Cross–border cooperation (CBC) between Western Balkan countries at their common borders was initiated for the first time in 2007 under the new Instrument for Pre– accession Assistance (IPA). Since then, 11 bilateral CBC programmes have been established for the period 2007-20131 , followed by 8 bilateral CBC programmes for the period 2014-2020 The aim is, in the framework of external assistance to pre-accession, to promote good neighbourly relations, to foster Union integration and promote socio-economic development. The cross-border cooperation programmes were to pursue one or more of the following broad objectives: (a) promoting sustainable economic and social development in the border areas; (b) working together to address common challenges in fields such as environment, natural and cultural heritage, public health and the prevention of and fight against organised crime; (c) ensuring efficient and secure borders; (d) promoting joint small scale actions involving local actors from the border regions The 2014-2020 Programmes have incorporated some innovations aimed at improving the effectiveness and enhancing the impact as well as at simplifying the programmes' management and implementation.

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Governance and Human Development

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