The fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) has been a priority of the European Union (EU) since the early 1990s. The central policy of the EU in this area is set out in the EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD Strategy). As part of this, the EU plays an important role in preventing and fighting chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear risks (CBRN). A number of financial instruments are in place at the EU aimed at addressing CBRN risk mitigation and some are addressed to non-EU countries. Task Med Algeria is a project funded by the Instrument for Stability, focussing on CBRN capacity building in the state of Algeria. The final objective is to counteract the threat of nuclear and radiation terrorism and therefore there, is a need to put the necessary material and non-material means (training, capacity building, etc.) to improve the technical, procedural and organisational measures for the detection of illicit trafficking of nuclear and radioactive materials (NRM). The specific objective of our project is to support the deployment of radio-nuclear detection equipment and training, on a pilot scale, for two sites and a mobile capability. The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the EU is the lead organization for implementation of Task Med Algeria, working in close cooperation with Algerian counterparts. Upon completion of the project, the following results will be achieved: • Stationary, Mobile and hand-held detector equipment will be deployed and routinely used to detect and respond cases of illicit trafficking of radio and nuclear material; • Front-line officers will have been trained for the proper use of the delivered equipment; • Specialist will receive have received training at JRC and will be ready to provide training to other Algerian experts; • A pilot training course in Algeria will be carried out.