Protection and proper management of the water sources is essential and must be undertaken by actively consulting the stakeholders living in the watershed, involving them in the management and ensuring they benefit from this. This is the key to reducing the ongoing land degradation in Lesotho and a necessary step towards stopping and even reversing it. The Lesotho National Strategic Development Plan 2012/2013 – 2016/2017 (NSDP) addresses this, and the Government of Lesotho (GoL) sees the formulation of a National Integrated Catchment Management approach as a priority. In this light, the EU supports the Integrated Catchment Management (ICM) programme in Lesotho as carried out within the Department of Water Affairs but involving several other ICM stakeholders. It is part of a worldwide effort to reduce catchment degradation and ensure sustainable water availability to increasing populations. The current assignment was the third in a series and builds upon the findings of the earlier Technical Assistance (TA): Integrated Catchment Management Framework (until August 2016) and Operationalisation of Integrated Catchment Management (ICM) Framework (until April 2018). The Global and Specific Objectives of the assignment were to contribute towards effective implementation of Integrated Catchment Management in Lesotho through operationalisation of the ICM framework, including improved coordination among relevant stakeholders in line with the Long-term Water and Sanitation Strategy. In addition, and more specific, the TA support prepared for a planned EU-GIZ-GoL funded ICM implementation project which is now expected to start by mid-2019 and run for 5 years. An idea of how this implementation project will be carried out is given in the ‘Aide Memoire’ (AETS and PARTICIP GmbH 2018) deliverable of the previous TA. The specific objectives of this assignment were to: • Further support the institutional and legal reforms for operationalizing the ICM Framework, both at national level and at catchment level and based on the established ICM organigram; • Decide for each level of the organigram the required expertise needed and formulate key ICM competency profiles. A gap analysis (also for the pilot sub-catchments) and recommendations on training and / or recruitment is to be made; • Contribute to development of catchment management plans for each of the prioritised pilot catchments including watershed improvement plans of action and tentative budgets; • Support DWA in undertaking the identification, organization, initial needs assessment, surveys, and planning cycle with pilot communities; • Support DWA on the development of a holistic nationally accepted and community based participatory watershed planning guideline, to be approved by the NICMC; • Support DWA in preparing a draft communication strategy guideline; • Identify key capacity needs in the Department of Water Affairs and support the process of capacitating the Department to enable it to optimally play its role in ICM.