In the crisis context faced by Iraq in 2015-2016, Iraqi national or regional development strategies provided a backbone for an EU response to Iraqi developmental challenges, notably in the domain of access to energy. A key impediment to Iraq's economic and social development was the poor conditions of electricity provision that affect human development and economic growth. In accordance with the Sustainable Energy for All initiative, the Agenda for Change, and Iraq's priorities, EU support to Iraq through the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) had to address this challenge by helping Iraqi authorities to improve access for all Iraqis to a sustainable energy. The EC selected AETS consortium to carry out an assessment of the current situation of the national Iraqi access to energy system as well as prospects. After a field mission to consult and meet with the key stakeholders in Bagdad and Erbil, the team submitted a report that included the following information: • Sector context analysis: assessment the existing relevant policies or strategies at national and international level, including the EU policy framework; analysis of the key stakeholders; description of the ongoing projects in the energy sector and lessons learnt; • Needs assessment: identification of the priority areas and the main risks; • Actions: recommendations on possible development cooperation actions in the energy sector; identification of specific objectives to be achieved, activities to be implemented and relevant actors (NGOs, firms, development agencies, etc.).